Birds of the Upper Cumberland Region of Kentucky and Tennessee: Species Accounts

 

Note: The textual information contained in Birds of the Upper Cumberland Region of Kentucky and Tennessee is the exclusive property of Stephen J. Stedman.  This work is protected under United States copyright law and other international copyright treaties and conventions. Photographs by the author and by persons other than the author are similarly protected and may not be copied without the permission of the specific photographer.

    You may view individual accounts for nearly all species documented as occurring within the UCR.  Three species without available accounts are the Red-cockaded Woodpecker (extirpated in the Region) and the Passenger Pigeon and Carolina Parakeet (both extinct). A few other species without available accounts will have accounts provided at the appropriate time. Simply scroll down the table below and click on the common name of any species name that is underlined.  All accounts that have been initiated should be viewed as under construction with some being closer to completion than others.

    To view the Official List of Birds of the Upper Cumberland Region, click on the link below:

    Below (Table 1) various codes are used for specific elements relating to bird status and abundance; these are explained in the following sections.

Key to Abundance Codes:

C Common (expected in large numbers)
FC Fairly Common (expected in moderate numbers)
U Uncommon (expected in small numbers)
VU Very Uncommon (10–50 records or expected in very small numbers)
R Rare (3–9 records)
O Occasional (1–2 records)
V Variable Abundance Year to Year

Key to Status Codes:

E Extinct
EX Extirpated
H Hypothetical
PR Permanent Resident (breeds)
SR Summer Resident (breeds)
WR Winter Resident
TR Transient
VR Visitor

    When two codes are listed for one species, the first code indicates the species' primary status, and the second code indicates its secondary status (usually in just a portion of the Region or during a portion of the year).

Key to Seasons:

Sp Spring (1 March–31 May)
Su Summer (1 June–31 July
Fa Fall (1 August–30 November
Wi Winter (1 December–28/29 February)

    Most species names below are also active links to species accounts that provide details about the species' occurrence in the Region. Near the end of the account for some species, there is an active (underlined) link to a map displaying the distribution (at the county level) of records for each.  A link to a map (Figure 1) depicting the colors used in the species maps is provided below:

Acknowledgment: considerable assistance in creating the maps displaying distribution of bird records in the UCR was provided by Gregory J. Rhinehart and Whitney M. Fuquay.

 

Table 1. Species occurring within the Upper Cumberland Region with links to species accounts (click on species names).

Species Status Sp Su Fa Wi Notes; Map of UCR Distribution
Greater White-fronted Goose WR VU VU VU 26 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Snow Goose WR VU O VU VU Map of UCR Distribution
Ross's Goose WR VU VU VU 22 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Brant VR O 2 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Cackling Goose VR R 6 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Canada Goose PR C C C C Map of UCR Distribution
Mute Swan  PR VU O VU VU 44 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Trumpeter Swan VR O 2 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Tundra Swan TR R? R VU 16 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Wood Duck PR U U U U Map of UCR Distribution
Gadwall WR U U U Map of UCR Distribution
American Wigeon WR U U U Map of UCR Distribution
American Black Duck WR VU VU U Map of UCR Distribution
Mallard PR C U C C Map of UCR Distribution
Blue-winged Teal TR FC O FC R Map of UCR Distribution
Northern Shoveler WR U U U Map of UCR Distribution
Northern Pintail WR VU VU VU Map of UCR Distribution
Green-winged Teal WR U U U Map of UCR Distribution
Canvasback WR VU VU U Map of UCR Distribution
Redhead WR U O U U Map of UCR Distribution
Ring-necked Duck WR U O FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
Greater Scaup WR VU VU VU Map of UCR Distribution
Lesser Scaup WR U–FC U–FC U Map of UCR Distribution
Surf Scoter TR R VU VU 49 records; Map of UCR Distribution
White-winged Scoter WR R VU VU 17 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Black Scoter TR O VU R 19 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Long-tailed Duck WR VU VU VU 18 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Bufflehead  WR FC O FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
Common Goldeneye WR U U U Map of UCR Distribution
Hooded Merganser WR FC VU FC FC Breeding records Pulaski, KY, and White, TN; Map of UCR Distribution
Common Merganser WR/VR   VU VU 19th-cent. egg sets Smith, TN; 31 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Red-breasted Merganser WR U U VU Map of UCR Distribution
Ruddy Duck WR U O U U Map of UCR Distribution
Northern Bobwhite PR U U U VU Decreasing; Map of UCR Distribution
Ruffed Grouse PR VU VU VU VU Probably decreasing; Map of UCR Distribution
Wild Turkey PR C C C C Increasing; Map of UCR Distribution
Red-throated Loon TR O VU R 15 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Pacific Loon TR O O 3 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Common Loon WR U VU U U Map of UCR Distribution
Yellow-billed Loon VR O 1 record; Map of UCR Distribution
Pied-billed Grebe PR FC VU FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
Horned Grebe WR FC FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
Red-necked Grebe WR R R R 5 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Eared Grebe TR/WR? VU O VU VU 12 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Western Grebe WR O R 4 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Double-crested Cormorant TR/PR? FC VU FC VU Increasing; Map of UCR Distribution
Anhinga VR O       1 record; Map of UCR Distribution
American White Pelican TR VU VU 13 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Brown Pelican VR O O 2 records; Map of UCR Distribution
American Bittern TR/SR VU O VU O 23 records; nest record Warren, TN; Map of UCR Distribution
Least Bittern SR R R R 8 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Great Blue Heron PR C C C C Increasing; Map of UCR Distribution
     Great White Heron VR R R 3 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Great Egret TR U VU U VU Map of UCR Distribution
Snowy Egret TR VU VU 17 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Little Blue Heron TR VU VU VU 38 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Tricolored Heron TR R R 3 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Cattle Egret TR VU VU VU O C. 40 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Green Heron SR FC FC FC R Map of UCR Distribution
Black-crowned Night-Heron SR VU VU VU R Map of UCR Distribution
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron SR VU VU VU Map of UCR Distribution
White Ibis TR R R 6 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Plegadis sp. VR O O Map of UCR Distribution
Black Vulture PR C C C C Map of UCR Distribution
Turkey Vulture PR C C C C Map of UCR Distribution
Osprey SR U VU U R Map of UCR Distribution
Swallow-tailed Kite VR   O O   2 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Mississippi Kite TR/VR R O Map of UCR Distribution
Bald Eagle PR U U U FC Map of UCR Distribution
Northern Harrier WR U O U U Map of UCR Distribution
Sharp-shinned Hawk PR U VU U U Probably decreasing; Map of UCR Distribution
Cooper's Hawk PR U U U U Increasing; Map of UCR Distribution
Red-shouldered Hawk PR U U U U Map of UCR Distribution
Broad-winged Hawk SR U U FC Map of UCR Distribution
Swainson's Hawk VR O       1 record; Map of UCR Distribution
Red-tailed Hawk PR FC FC FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
     Harlani WR R R R
     Calurus WR R R R  
     Krider's WR R R R  
Rough-legged Hawk WR R/VU R/VU VU Irruptive; c. 51 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Golden Eagle WR/PR VU R VU VU Breeding Jackson and Smith, TN; Map of UCR Distribution
Yellow Rail TR O O 2 records; Map of UCR Distribution
King Rail SR R R 5 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Virginia Rail PR O O R O 12 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Sora TR VU O VU C. 35 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Purple Gallinule SR R

R

3 records; Map of UCR Distribution

Common Gallinule TR R O 4 records; Map of UCR Distribution
American Coot WR U R U U Map of UCR Distribution
Sandhill Crane TR/WR FC FC FC Increasing migrant/ establishing winter resident status since c. winter 2004–2005; Map of UCR Distribution
Whooping Crane TR VU VU VU Reintroduced; 14 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Black-bellied Plover TR R 6 records; Map of UCR Distribution
American Golden-Plover TR VU   VU 16 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Semipalmated Plover TR U VU U Map of UCR Distribution
Killdeer PR C C C C Map of UCR Distribution
Black-necked Stilt VR O 2 records; Map of UCR Distribution
American Avocet TR VU O VU 14 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Spotted Sandpiper TR/SR FC U FC O Breeding Pulaski, KY; Map of UCR Distribution
Solitary Sandpiper TR FC FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
Greater Yellowlegs TR U U U O Map of UCR Distribution
Willet TR R O 16 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Lesser Yellowlegs TR U O U Map of UCR Distribution
Upland Sandpiper TR R 4 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Marbled Godwit VR         1 record
Ruddy Turnstone TR O 4 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Stilt Sandpiper TR O VU 24 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Sanderling TR O R 10 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Dunlin TR R U R c. 61 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Baird's Sandpiper TR R 8 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Least Sandpiper TR U–FC U–FC U–FC VU Map of UCR Distribution
White-rumped Sandpiper TR VU VU R 18 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Buff-breasted Sandpiper TR R 9 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Pectoral Sandpiper TR U U U Map of UCR Distribution
Semipalmated Sandpiper TR VU–U VU–U VU–U Map of UCR Distribution
Western Sandpiper TR VU O VU 17 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Short-billed Dowitcher TR VU VU 10 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Long-billed Dowitcher TR O R 8 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Wilson's Snipe WR U O U U Map of UCR Distribution
American Woodcock PR U VU VU U Map of UCR Distribution
Wilson's Phalarope TR R 5 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Red-necked Phalarope VR     O   3 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Red Phalarope TR O 2 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Parasitic Jaeger VR     O   1 record; Map of UCR Distribution
Long-tailed Jaeger VR     O   1 record; Map of UCR Distribution
Black-legged Kittiwake VR O 2 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Sabine's Gull VR     O   2 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Bonaparte's Gull WR FC FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
Laughing Gull VR O R O 6 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Franklin's Gull TR O R O 8 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Mew Gull VR O 2 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Ring-billed Gull WR C R C C Map of UCR Distirbution
California Gull VR O 1 record; Map of UCR Distribution
Herring Gull WR U U U Map of UCR Distribution
Lesser Black-backed Gull VR O 2 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Sooty Tern VR O 1 record; Map of UCR Distribution
Least Tern VR O 1 record; Map of UCR Distribution
Caspian Tern TR VU VU At least 42 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Black Tern TR VU VU At least 47 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Common Tern TR R O VU At least 16 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Forster's Tern TR U O U O At least 59 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Rock Pigeon PR C C C C Map of UCR Distribution
Eurasian Collared-Dove PR VU–U VU–U VU–U VU–U Map of UCR Distribution
White-winged Dove VR R       3 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Mourning Dove PR C C C C Map of UCR Distribution
Passenger Pigeon E Extinct
Yellow-billed Cuckoo SR U U U Map of UCR Distribution
Black-billed Cuckoo TR/SR VU R VU Map of UCR Distribution
Barn Owl PR VU VU VU VU Map of UCR Distribution
Eastern Screech-Owl PR FC FC FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
Great Horned Owl PR U U U U Map of UCR Distribution
Snowy Owl VR O 2 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Barred Owl PR FC FC FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
Long-eared Owl VR R 3 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Short-eared Owl WR R R VU 16 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Northern Saw-whet Owl WR VU O VU VU Irruptive; 31 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Common Nighthawk SR U U U Map of UCR Distribution
Chuck-will's-widow SR FC FC VU Map of UCR Distribution
Eastern Whip-poor-will SR U U U Map of UCR Distribution
Chimney Swift SR C C C Map of UCR Distribution
Ruby-throated Hummingbird SR FC FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
Calliope Hummingbird VR O O 1 record; Map of UCR Distribution
Rufous Hummingbird WR VU VU VU 14 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Allen's Hummingbird VR O O 1 record; Map of UCR Distribution
Belted Kingfisher PR U U U U Map of UCR Distribution
Red-headed Woodpecker PR U U U U Map of UCR Distribution
Red-bellied Woodpecker PR C C C C Map of UCR Distribution
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker WR U U U Map of UCR Distribution
Downy Woodpecker PR C C C C Map of UCR Distribution
Hairy Woodpecker PR U U U U Map of UCR Distribution
Red-cockaded Woodpecker EX Extirpated; historical records in 2 KY and 5 TN counties; Map of UCR Distribution
Northern Flicker PR FC FC FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
Pileated Woodpecker PR FC FC FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
American Kestrel PR FC U FC C Map of UCR Distribution
Merlin WR VU VU–U VU–U C.  62 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Peregrine Falcon TR/SR VU VU O Historical breeder; c. 30 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Prairie Falcon VR   O   1 record; Map of UCR Distribution
Carolina Parakeet E Extinct; Map of UCR Distribution
Olive-sided Flycatcher TR VU VU 34 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Eastern Wood-Pewee SR FC FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher TR R R 6 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Acadian Flycatcher SR FC FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
Alder Flycatcher TR VU O 10 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Willow Flycatcher SR U U R At least 73 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Least Flycatcher TR/SR VU VU R At least 42 records including 16 June records; Map of UCR Distribution
Eastern Phoebe PR FC FC FC U– VU Map of UCR Distribution
Great Crested Flycatcher SR FC FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
Western Kingbird TR O 3 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Eastern Kingbird SR FC FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher SR VU VU VU Map of UCR Distribution
Loggerhead Shrike PR VU VU VU VU– U Significantly decreasing; Map of UCR Distribution
Northern Shrike VR       O 1 record; Map of UCR Distribution
White-eyed Vireo SR FC FC FC O 1 winter record; Map of UCR Distribution
Bell's Vireo VR O       2 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Yellow-throated Vireo SR U U U Map of UCR Distribution
Blue-headed Vireo SR/PR? U U U R Winter records in 1 KY and 3 TN counties; Map of UCR Distribution
Warbling Vireo SR VU VU R Map of UCR Distribution
Philadelphia Vireo TR VU VU Map of UCR Distribution
Red-eyed Vireo SR C C U/FC Map of UCR Distribution
Blue Jay PR C C C C Map of UCR Distribution
American Crow PR C C C C Map of UCR Distribution
Common Raven VR/SR R R R Former resident in 2 KY counties and 1 TN county; recent records in 2 TN counties; Map of UCR Distribution
Horned Lark PR U–VU U–VU U–VU U–VU Map of UCR Distribution
Purple Martin SR FC FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
Tree Swallow SR FC U FC O Increasing; Map of UCR Distribution
N. Rough-winged Swallow SR FC FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
Bank Swallow TR/SR? VU–U O VU–U Map of UCR Distribution
Cliff Swallow SR U U U Map of UCR Distribution
Barn Swallow SR C C C O Map of UCR Distribution
Carolina Chickadee PR C C C C Map of UCR Distribution
Tufted Titmouse PR C C C C Map of UCR Distribution
Red-breasted Nuthatch WR/PR V R V V Irruptive; confirmed breeding in 1 TN county; breeding season records in 2 TN counties; Map of UCR Distribution
White-breasted Nuthatch PR FC FC FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
Brown-headed Nuthatch PR/VR VU VU VU VU Map of UCR Distribution
Brown Creeper WR U U U Map of UCR Distribution
House Wren SR/VR U U U VU Increasing; Map of UCR Distribution
Winter Wren WR/SR U R U U Breeding season records in 3 TN counties; Map of UCR Distribution
Sedge Wren TR/SR VU VU VU O At least 51 records; breeding record in 1 TN county; Map of UCR Distribution
Marsh Wren TR/WR VU VU R At least 47 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Carolina Wren PR C C C C Map of UCR Distribution
Bewick's Wren TR O O R Former PR; now nearly absent; Map of UCR Distribution
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher SR FC FC FC O 1 winter record; Map of UCR Distribution
Golden-crowned Kinglet WR U U FC Map of UCR Distribution
Ruby-crowned Kinglet WR U U U Map of UCR Distribution
Eastern Bluebird PR C C C C Map of UCR Distribution
Veery TR/SR U–VU VU–R VU Breeds in 2 TN counties; Map of UCR Distribution
Gray-cheeked Thrush TR VU VU Map of UCR Distribution
Swainson's Thrush TR U U Map of UCR Distribution
Hermit Thrush WR U U U–FC Map of UCR Distribution
Wood Thrush SR FC FC FC O 1 winter record; Map of UCR Distribution
American Robin PR C C C C Map of UCR Distribution
Gray Catbird SR FC FC FC R Map of UCR Distribution
Brown Thrasher PR FC FC FC U–VU Map of UCR Distribution
Northern Mockingbird PR C C C C Map of UCR Distribution
European Starling PR C C C C Map of UCR Distribution
American Pipit WR U U U Map of UCR Distribution
Cedar Waxwing PR V U V V Map of UCR Distribution
Lapland Longspur WR VU VU 19 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Snow Bunting VR O R 7 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Ovenbird SR FC/C FC/C U/FC O 1 winter record; Map of UCR Distribution
Worm-eating Warbler SR U U U Map of UCR Distribution
Louisiana Waterthrush SR FC FC VU Map of UCR Distribution
Northern Waterthrush TR U U Map of UCR Distribution
Golden-winged Warbler SR VU R VU Map of UCR Distribution
Blue-winged Warbler SR U U U Map of UCR Distribution
     "Brewster's" Warbler VR R 4 records; Map of UCR Distribution
     "Lawrence's" Warbler VR R     1 record; Map of UCR Distribution
Black-and-white Warbler SR FC FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
Prothonotary Warbler SR U U VU Map of UCR Distribution
Swainson's Warbler SR VU VU VU Map of UCR Distribution
Tennessee Warbler TR U FC Map of UCR Distribution
Orange-crowned Warbler TR/WR VU U R 3 winter records; Map of UCR Distribution
Nashville Warbler TR U U Map of UCR Distribution
Connecticut Warbler TR R At least 19 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Mourning Warbler TR VU O VU At least 31 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Kentucky Warbler SR U U U Map of UCR Distribution
Common Yellowthroat SR/WR C C C R Map of UCR Distribution
Hooded Warbler SR FC FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
American Redstart SR U U U O 1 winter record; Map of UCR Distribution
Cape May Warbler TR U VU Map of UCR Distribution
Cerulean Warbler SR U U U/VU Significantly decreasing; Map of UCR Distribution
Northern Parula SR FC FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
Magnolia Warbler TR U FC Map of UCR Distribution
Bay-breasted Warbler TR VU/U U/FC Map of UCR Distribution
Blackburnian Warbler TR/SR U R U Breeds in 1 county; Map of UCR Distribution
Yellow Warbler SR U U VU Map of UCR Distribution
Chestnut-sided Warbler TR/SR U VU FC Map of UCR Distribution
Blackpoll Warbler TR U R Map of UCR Distribution
Black-throated Blue Warbler TR/SR VU R VU O Breeds in 1 TN county; 1 winter record; Map of UCR Distribution
Palm Warbler TR/WR U U–FC VU Many winter records; Map of UCR Distribution
Pine Warbler PR U U U VU Map of UCR Distribution
Yellow-rumped Warbler WR C C C Map of UCR Distribution
     "Audubon's" Warbler VR       O 1 record; Map of UCR Distribution
Yellow-throated Warbler SR U U U Map of UCR Distribution
Prairie Warbler SR FC FC FC O 1 winter record; Map of UCR Distribution
Black-throated Green Warbler SR/TR U U U Map of UCR Distribution
Canada Warbler TR/SR VU R VU Breeding season records in 2 counties; Map of UCR Distribution
Wilson's Warbler TR U U Map of UCR Distribution
Yellow-breasted Chat SR/VR FC FC FC O 2 winter records; Map of UCR Distribution
Eastern Towhee PR FC FC FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
Bachman's Sparrow VR O Seriously decreasing since 1950s; now nearly extirpated; 1 recent record ; Map of UCR Distribution
American Tree Sparrow WR R R–U At least 54 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Chipping Sparrow PR C C C VU–U Map of UCR Distribution
Clay-colored Sparrow TR O R 4 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Field Sparrow PR C C C C Map of UCR Distribution
Vesper Sparrow TR U U VU Map of UCR Distribution
Lark Sparrow VR/TR VU VU VU 16 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Savannah Sparrow WR/SR U VU U U Breeding season records in 7 counties; Map of UCR Distribution
Grasshopper Sparrow SR U U VU O 2 winter records; Map of UCR Distribution
Henslow's Sparrow SR VU VU VU O Sporadic breeder; Map of UCR Distribution
Le Conte's Sparrow TR O 2 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Nelson's Sparrow TR R R 3 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Fox Sparrow WR U U U Map of UCR Distribution
Song Sparrow PR C C C C Map of UCR Distribution
Lincoln's Sparrow TR/WR VU VU R Map of UCR Distribution
Swamp Sparrow WR FC FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
White-throated Sparrow WR C O C C Map of UCR Distribution
Harris's Sparrow VR O 1 record; Map of UCR Distribution
White-crowned Sparrow WR U U U Map of UCR Distribution
Dark-eyed Junco WR FC FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
Summer Tanager SR FC FC FC O 1 winter record; Map of UCR Distribution
Scarlet Tanager SR FC FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
Northern Cardinal PR C C C C Map of UCR Distribution
Rose-breasted Grosbeak TR/SR FC R FC Breeding records in 2 counties; Map of UCR Distribution
Blue Grosbeak SR FC FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
Indigo Bunting SR/VR C C C R Map of UCR Distribution
Painted Bunting TR O 2 records; Map of UCR Disbtribution
Dickcissel SR VU VU VU Map of UCR Distribution
Bobolink TR/SR? U O VU O 1 winter record; 2 summer records; Map of UCR Distribution
Red-winged Blackbird PR C C C FC Map of UCR Distribution
Eastern Meadowlark PR FC FC FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
Western Meadowlark VR O 2 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Yellow-headed Blackbird VR O 1 record; Map of UCR Distribution
Rusty Blackbird WR VU U U Decreasing; Map of UCR Distribution
Brewer's Blackbird WR VU VU VU Map of UCR Distribution
Common Grackle PR C C C C Map of UCR Distribution
Brown-headed Cowbird PR C C C U Map of UCR Distribution
Orchard Oriole SR FC FC FC Map of UCR Distribution
Baltimore Oriole SR U VU–U VU R 3 winter records; Map of UCR Distribution
House Finch PR C C C C Map of UCR Distribution
Purple Finch WR FC–U FC–U FC–U Somewhat irruptive; Map of UCR Distribution
Red Crossbill VR VU O

R

R 17 records; Map of UCR Distribution
White-winged Crossbill VR       O 1 record; Map of UCR Distribution
Common Redpoll VR

O

O 2–3 records; Map of UCR Distribution
Pine Siskin WR V O V V Irruptive; Map of UCR Distribution
American Goldfinch PR C C C C Map of UCR Distribution
Evening Grosbeak WR V V V Decreasing; irruptive; Map of UCR Distribution
House Sparrow PR C C C C Map of UCR Distribution

 

Clickable Contents

Front Dust Jacket
Back Dust Jacket
Title Page
Copyright Page
Dedication and Epigraphs
Preface to the First Edition
List of Figures
List of Tables
Introduction
Gazetteer
Field Observers Working in UCR
Explication of the Species Accounts
Species Accounts
Appendices

 

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