Upper Cumberland Region ForaysCentral Node
|Three fledgling Blue Jays await a meal in this image obtained in the Granville 6 block during the 2009 UCR Foray in Jackson County; the leftmost fledging is looking up at one of its parents, flapping its wings, and showing its bright pink gape; photo Carol D. Williams (30 May 2009).|
It is a general rule that when the bird fauna stays intact, so does the rest of the fauna and flora. E. O. Wilson
Note: U.S. copyright law is very clear about use of intellectual property; short quotations from such property may be presented if a proper citation of the source is provided; longer passages or reprints of entire documents may be presented only if permission is granted by the originator and owner of the intellectual property, in this case Stephen J. Stedman, Professor Emeritus, Tennessee Technological University, Cookeville, Tennessee.
An Upper Cumberland Region Foray (UCR Foray) is a bird-monitoring survey lasting 310 days that is designed to gather data on the breeding status, distribution, and abundance of all the bird species in a single county. Usually held sometime from late May to late June, a Foray brings together a group of birders who spend several days collecting data and seeking evidence of breeding about as many species of birds as possible.
Results of recent UCR Foray efforts provide the best available data about the breeding status, distribution, and abundance of breeding birds in eighteen of the Region's counties (Bledsoe, Clay, Cumberland, DeKalb, Fentress, Jackson, Macon, Overton, Pickett, Putnam, and Van Buren counties, Tennessee, and Barren, Clinton, McCreary, Metcalfe, Pulaski, Russell, and Wayne counties, Kentucky), usually surpassing in detail of coverage results from two previous efforts along the same linesTOS forays from the late 1970s and 1980s and/or the Tennessee/Kentucky Breeding Bird Atlas projects from the mid-1980s to the early 1990s.
The protocol for conducting a UCR Foray is fairly straightforward and is explained at the pages accessible via the links below:
The first six forays occurring in the Upper Cumberland Region (UCR) were conducted by members of the TOS in the following counties and during the following years: Fentress (1979), Pickett (1979), White (1982), Cumberland (1985), Overton (1986), and Bledsoe (1987).
More recently, the 2007 UCR Foray was conducted by a group of UCR birderswith support from some TOS membersin White County, Tennessee, 2528 May, almost exactly 25 years after the first foray took place in that county 2831 May 1982. Data resulting from these two forays provided a rare opportunity to view changes taking place in a county avifauna over the course of a quarter century. Note: many thanks to Michael L. Bierly for making the original data for the 1982 White County Foray available.
The 2008 UCR Foray was conducted in DeKalb County, Tennessee, 2326 May by a small group of UCR birders with support from two TOS members. Carol D. Williams and I co-coordinated the foray in DeKalb County, and I compiled the results (see link below), which included minimal or greater coverage of all blocks in the county.
The 2009 UCR Foraysconducted in Pickett County, Tennessee, 2225 May; in Jackson County, Tennessee, 29 May1June; and in Clinton County, Kentucky, 1214 Junewere quite successful, with all blocks in all counties receiving minimal or greater coverage. Click on the links below for the results of those UCR Forays.
The 2010 UCR Foraysconducted in Cumberland County, Tennessee, 29 May4 June; Pulaski County, Kentucky, 511 June; and Clay County, Tennessee, 1215 Junewere also quite successful, with all blocks in all counties receiving coverage, usually minimal or greater. Ed LeGrand and I were co-coordinators of the 2010 UCR Foray in Cumberland County; Roseanna Denton and I were co-coordinators of the 2010 UCR Foray in Pulaski County; and I was coordinator of the 2010 UCR Foray in Clay County. A TOS Foray was conducted in Cumberland County in 1985, but data from that foray are largely unavailable; anyone who can provide that information will be much appreciated, as it would be good to be able to compare the results of the 2010 UCR Foray with those of the 1985 TOS Foray.
The 2011 UCR Forays were conducted in Overton (2329 May 2011), Putnam (612 June 2011), and Van Buren (1315 June 2011) counties, Tennessee, and in McCreary County (30 May5 June 2011), Kentucky; results of the Overton County foray may be compared with results of the foray in that county conducted during 1986, as well as with results of the Breeding Bird Atlas project in Tennessee.
The 2012 UCR Forays were conducted in Wayne County, Kentucky (110 June 2012), in Bledsoe County, Tennessee (1722 June 2012), and in Russell County, Kentucky (1315 and 2629 June 2012); results from the Bledsoe County foray may be compared with results of the TOS Foray conducted in that county during mid-June 1987.
The 2013 UCR Forays were conducted in Barren County, Kentucky (1–6 June 2013), Metcalfe County, Kentucky (8–12 June 2013), Macon County, Tennessee (14–22 June 2013), and Fentress County, Tennessee (22–28 June 2013).
See the following page for tentative counties and dates for the 2014 UCR Forays:
Here are some links to pages that deal with results of forays conducted in the recent or historical past:
* If anyone has access to results of the 1985 Foray in Cumberland County, Tennessee, please share them.
To see a map (Figure 1) of the UCR highlighting the counties where forays have been, or soon will be, conducted or to see a table listing all species encountered during past UCR Forays (including links to atlas maps displaying composite data for Kentucky and Tennessee for all species), click on the appropriate link below:
To see physiographic maps of individual Tennessee counties in the Region displaying the USGS quadrangles that overlap them, to see maps of counties displaying the foray blocks that are contained within them (and to get an idea of how much effort might be required to conduct a foray in them), or to see maps of counties displaying the foray blocks that received coverage during the Tennessee Breeding Bird Atlas (BBA) project (Nicholson 1997), click on the appropriate link below:
|County Map Displaying USGS Quadrangles||County Map Displaying USGS Blocks *||County Map Displaying BBA Blocks Surveyed **|
|Bledsoe County Quads||Bledsoe County Blocks48||Bledsoe County BBA Blocks30|
|Clay County Quads||Clay County Blocks30||Clay County BBA Blocks14|
|Cumberland County Quads||Cumberland County Blocks75||Cumberland County BBA Blocks52|
|DeKalb County Quads||DeKalb County Blocks40||DeKalb County BBA Blocks14|
|Fentress County Quads||Fentress County Blocks55||Fentress County BBA Blocks42|
|Jackson County Quads||Jackson County Blocks40||Jackson County BBA Blocks15|
|Macon County Quads||Macon County Blocks32||Macon County BBA Blocks13|
|Morgan County Quads||Morgan County Blocks58||Morgan County BBA Blocks40|
|Overton County Quads||Overton County Blocks47||Overton County BBA Blocks24|
|Pickett County Quads||Pickett County Blocks24||Pickett County BBA Blocks14|
|Putnam County Quads||Putnam County Blocks46||Putnam County BBA Blocks25|
|Scott County Quads||Scott County Blocks62||Scott County BBA Blocks36|
|Smith County Quads||Smith County Blocks37||Smith County BBA Blocks8|
|Van Buren County Quads||Van Buren County Blocks33||Van Buren County BBA Blocks15|
|Warren County Quads||Warren County Blocks47||Warren County BBA Blocks15|
|White County Quads||White County Blocks49||White County BBA Blocks19|
|Total Blocks in TN part of UCR651|
* The number following each entry represents the total number of foray blocks in that county. ** The number following each entry represents the total number of foray blocks surveyed during the Tennessee Breeding Bird Atlas project; coverage of the blocks was uneven with the "priority" (central eastern) block in each quadrangle getting good coverage and with other blocks in each quadrangle getting a varying amount of coverage.
To see physiographic maps of Individual Kentucky counties in the Region displaying the USGS quadrangles that overlap them, to see maps of counties displaying the foray blocks that are contained within them (and to get an idea of how much effort might be required to conduct a foray in them), or to see maps of counties displaying the foray blocks that received coverage during the Kentucky Breeding Bird Atlas (BBA) project (Palmer-Ball 1996), click on the appropriate link below:
|County Map Displaying Quadrangles||County Map Displaying Blocks *||County Map Displaying BBA Blocks Surveyed **|
|Adair County Quads||Adair County Blocks46||Adair County BBA Blocks7|
|Barren County Quads||Barren County Blocks54||Barren County BBA Blocks9|
|Clinton County Quads||Clinton County Blocks24||Clinton County BBA Blocks4|
|Cumberland County Quads||Cumberland County Blocks35||Cumberland County BBA Blocks6|
|McCreary County Quads||McCreary County Blocks51||McCreary County BBA Blocks9|
|Metcalfe County Quads||Metcalfe County Blocks32||Metcalfe County BBA Blocks5|
|Monroe County Quads||Monroe County Blocks35||Monroe County BBA Blocks6|
|Pulaski County Quads||Pulaski County Blocks72||Pulaski County BBA Blocks11|
|Russell County Quads||Russell County Blocks31||Russell County BBA Blocks5|
|Wayne County Quads||Wayne County Blocks54||Wayne County BBA Blocks10|
|Total Blocks in KY part of UCR408|
* The number following each entry represents the total number of foray blocks in that county. ** The number following each entry represents the total number of foray blocks surveyed during the Kentucky Breeding Bird Atlas project; coverage of these blocks was consistently good.
To see a physiographic map of the Kentucky counties in the Region displaying the foray blocks that received (fairly uniform) coverage during the Kentucky Breeding Bird Atlas (BBA) project (Palmer-Ball 1996) or to see a physiographic map of the Tennessee counties in the Region displaying the foray blocks that received (a varying amount of) coverage during the Tennessee Breeding Bird Atlas (BBA) project (Nicholson 1997), click on the appropriate link below:
As more and more foray data become available in the future, maps showing the Regional distribution and abundance of breeding species should become more and more complete, finally surpassing the completeness of these species' mapped Regional distribution and abundance as reflected by Breeding Bird Atlas data (Palmer-Ball 1996; Nicholson 1997). To see the map for total species recorded per block on forays within the Kentucky or Tennessee portions of the UCR or to see the development of the map for Red-eyed Vireo (REVI) in the Kentucky or Tennessee counties, click on the appropriate link(s) below:
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