Central Node for Forays in White County, Tennessee—28–31 May 1982, 25–28 May 2007, and 1–6 June 2015
|A juvenile Eastern Towhee, photographed in nearby Cumberland County, Tennessee, during May 2007; if observed begging from an adult, this bird would allow confirmation of breeding; photo DJ Stanley.|
The first White County Foray was conducted by members of the TOS 28–31 May 1982. Since results of the 1982 White County Foray have not yet been published, the list of 98 species (Table 1)—including two species of nonbreeding shorebirds (in italics)—found in White County during the 1982 Foray is of great interest. Also of interest are the raw data for that foray, accessible via a link at the bottom of this page; maps displaying the abundance and distribution of species recorded during the 1982 foray are accessible via links connected to the alpha codes for the species in the table provided at that page. Note: many thanks are due to M. L. Bierly for making available the data that resulted from this foray.
A second foray was conducted in White County 25–28 May 2007. A summary of the results of the 2007 White County Foray, conducted by a group of birders living mostly within the Upper Cumberland Region, is also provided below (Table 1). Also of interest should be the raw data for that foray, accessible via a link at the bottom of this page; maps displaying the abundance and distribution of species recorded during the 2007 foray are accessible via links connected to the alpha codes for the species in the table at that page.
A third foray was conducted in White County 1–6 June 2015, following a protocol different from that used during the 2007 White County Foray but similar to the protocol followed during forays conducted in the UCR from 2008 to 2015. Results of the 2015 foray will be posted below at some point in the future. In summary, during the 2015 White County foray, data were collected in 44 of the 50 blocks in the county (as opposed to coverage during 2007 when 37 of 50 blocks were covered). Data for 104 species of breeding birds resulted from the foray effort during 2015; in addition 2 non-breeding species were detected. Great thanks are extended to Edmund K. LeGrand for taking part in the 2015 White County Foray and for covering the entirety of the eastern half of the county (i.e., most of the county east of Rt. 111).
Also at the bottom of this page is a link to the first of eleven pages that provide side-by-side maps for each species recorded during the two White County forays.
A map (Figure 1a) showing major roadways in White County is accessible via the following link:
A map (Figure 1b) of White County showing its physiographic provinces may be viewed by clicking on the following link:
A map (Figure 2) showing the USGS quadrangles for White County may be viewed by clicking on the following link:
Links to a map (Figure 3a) displaying the 50 "blocks" (i.e., areas consisting of one-sixth of a quadrangle) for the 2007 White County Foray (click on the link [below] for "2007 White County Foray—Raw Data" for a key to the block codes) and to a map (Figure 3b) showing the 19 blocks surveyed during the Tennessee Breeding Bird Atlas (BBA) project (Nicholson 1997) follow:
Maps (Figures 4a and 4b) showing the number of hours of effort expended in each block and the number of species recorded in each block during the 2007 White County Foray may be viewed by clicking on the following links:
Table 1. Species Detected during White County Forays—28–31 May 1982 (98 species) and 25–28 May 2007 (106 species). Species in italics are considered to be migrants. Species in Bold Blue (9) were detected during 1982 but not during 2007; species in Bold Red (17) were detected during 2007 but not during 1982. Breeding Categories and Codes: POS—Possible Breeder; PRB—Probable Breeder; CON—Confirmed Breeder. X—Present; P—Pair; A—Agitated Behavior; C—Courtship/Copulation; DD—Distraction Display; CN—Adult Carrying Nest Material; NB—Adult Building Nest; UN—Used Nest; FY—Adult Carrying Food for Young; BG—Begging Young; FL— Fledged Young; FS—Fecal Sac Removed from Nest by Adult; ON—Adult on Nest Incubating/Tending Young; NE—Nest with Eggs; NY— Nest with Young. Species with underlined names are linked to a map of the species' abundance and distribution based on 2007 White County Foray data.
|Species||28–31 May 1982||25–28 May 2007||25–28 May 2007|
|Total Individuals Counted||Total Individuals Counted||Highest Breeding Category and Code Detected|
|Canada Goose||2 (plus 2 y)||152||CON–FL|
|Wood Duck||25 (plus 66 y)||61||CON–FL|
|Blue-winged Teal||--||1 *||Migrant|
|Great Blue Heron||--||21||CON–UN|
|Great Horned Owl||--||2||POS–X|
|Eastern Phoebe||41 (ON)||97||PRB–A|
|Great Crested Flycatcher||70||82||CON–FY|
|Northern Rough-winged Swallow||99||49||POS–X|
|Black-throated Green Warbler||5||20||POS–X|
|Field Sparrow||184 (ON)||269||POS–X|
|Total Hours of Effort||87.1||99|
|Total Migrant Species||2||4|
|Total Breeding Species||96||102|
|Possible Breeding Species||42|
|Probable Breeding Species||17|
|Confirmed Breeding Species||43|
|Total Species Observed||98||106|
* A male that did not appear capable of flight was observed in the Heritage Marsh 27 May 2007 (DLC, SJS).
** An adult Yellow-crowned Night-Heron was observed just a few hundred meters from White County in adjacent Burgess Falls State Natural Area, Putnam County, 25 May 2007 (CDW, JCF, NSL, MJH).
The sixteen participants in the 1982 White County Foray were Michael Lee Bierly (compiler), Claude W. Brown, Betty Reid and James Campbell, D. Kenton Dickerson, Kenneth H. and Lillian H. Dubke, Joseph C. Howell, William J. Jones, Jon A. (Tony) Koella, Cleo G. and George R. Mayfield, Mark H. Mayfield, F. Joe McLaughlin, Chuck Nicholson, and Richard W. Simmers, Jr.
The sixteen participants in the 2007 White County Foray were Sharon Brines, Wally Brines, Daniel L. Combs, Douglas A. Downs (co-compiler), Judy C. Fuson, Michael J. Hawkins, Tom Howe, Nancy S. Layzer, Joseph E. Mast, Laura J. McCall, Peter Moyer, Michael P. O'Rourke, Stephen J. Stedman (co-compiler), David J. Trently, Winston A. Walden, and Carol D. Williams.
White County Foray Links:
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