Central Node for TOS/UCR Forays in White County, Tennessee2831 May 1982 and 2528 May 2007

A juvenile Eastern Towhee, photographed in nearby Cumberland County, Tennessee, during May 2007; if observed begging from an adult, this bird would allow confirmation of breeding; photo DJ Stanley.

 

The first White County Foray was conducted by members of the TOS 2831 May 1982.  Since results of the 1982 White County Foray have not yet been published, the list of 98 species (Table 1)including two species of nonbreeding shorebirds (in italics)found in White County during the 1982 Foray is of great interest.  Also of interest are the raw data for that foray, accessible via a link at the bottom of this page; maps displaying the abundance and distribution of species recorded during the 1982 foray are accessible via links connected to the alpha codes for the species in the table provided at that page. Note: many thanks are due to Michael Lee Bierly for making available the data that resulted from this foray.

    A second foray was conducted in White County 2528 May 2007.  A summary of the results of the 2007 White County Foray, conducted by a group of birders living mostly within the Upper Cumberland Region, is also provided below (Table 1).  Also of interest should be the raw data for that foray, accessible via a link at the bottom of this page; maps displaying the abundance and distribution of species recorded during the 2007 foray are accessible via links connected to the alpha codes for the species in the table at that page.

    Also at the bottom of this page is a link to the first of eleven pages that provide side-by-side maps for each species recorded during the two White County forays.

    A map (Figure 1a) showing major roadways in White County is accessible via the following link:

    A map (Figure 1b) of White County showing its physiographic provinces may be viewed by clicking on the following link:

    A map (Figure 2) showing the USGS quadrangles for White County may be viewed by clicking on the following link:

    Links to a map (Figure 3a) displaying the 50 "blocks" (i.e., areas consisting of one-sixth of a quadrangle) for the 2007 White County Foray (click on the link [below] for "2007 White County ForayRaw Data" for a key to the block codes) and to a map (Figure 3b) showing the 19 blocks surveyed during the Tennessee Breeding Bird Atlas (BBA) project (Nicholson 1997) follow:

    Maps (Figures 4a and 4b) showing the number of hours of effort expended in each block and the number of species recorded in each block during the 2007 White County Foray may be viewed by clicking on the following links:

 

Table 1. Species Detected during White County Forays2831 May 1982 (98 species) and 2528 May 2007 (106 species). Species in italics are considered to be migrants.  Species in Bold Blue (9) were detected during 1982 but not during 2007; species in Bold Red (17) were detected during 2007 but not during 1982.  Breeding Categories and Codes: POSPossible Breeder; PRBProbable Breeder; CONConfirmed Breeder.  XPresent; PPair; AAgitated Behavior; CCourtship/Copulation; DDDistraction Display; CNAdult Carrying Nest Material; NBAdult Building Nest; UNUsed Nest; FYAdult Carrying Food for Young; BGBegging Young; FL Fledged Young; FSFecal Sac Removed from Nest by Adult; ONAdult on Nest Incubating/Tending Young; NENest with Eggs; NY Nest with Young. Species with underlined names are linked to a map of the species' abundance and distribution based on 2007 White County Foray data.

Species 2831 May 1982 2528 May 2007 2528 May 2007
Total Individuals Counted Total Individuals Counted Highest Breeding Category and Code Detected
Canada Goose 2 (plus 2 y) 152 CONFL
Wood Duck 25 (plus 66 y) 61 CONFL
Mallard -- 8 CONFL
Blue-winged Teal -- 1 * Migrant
Ruffed Grouse 1 -- --
Wild Turkey -- 17 PRBP
Northern Bobwhite 131 63 PRBP
Great Blue Heron -- 21 CONUN
Green Heron 24 22 PRBP
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron 2 ** --
Black Vulture 16 41 POSX
Turkey Vulture 59 182 POSX
Cooper's Hawk 2 9 CONFY
Red-shouldered Hawk 4 10 POSX
Broad-winged Hawk 12 10 POSX
Red-tailed Hawk 16 17 PRBP
American Kestrel 27 26 CONFL
American Coot -- 1 Migrant
Killdeer 30 68 CONFL
Spotted Sandpiper -- 3 Migrant
Lesser Yellowlegs 1 -- Migrant
Semipalmated Sandpiper -- 4 Migrant
     Peep sp. 37 -- Migrant
Rock Pigeon 33 70 PRBP
Eurasian Collared-Dove -- 1 POSX
Mourning Dove 277 349 CONUN
Yellow-billed Cuckoo 58 19 PRBA
Eastern Screech-Owl 1 2 POSX
Great Horned Owl -- 2 POSX
Barred Owl 2 3 POSX
     Owl sp. 2 -- --
Common Nighthawk 10 2 POSX
Chuck-will's-widow 14 3 POSX
Eastern Whip-poor-will 110 12 POSX
Chimney Swift 134 73 POSX
Ruby-throated Hummingbird 8 56 PRBP
Belted Kingfisher 19 6 POSX
Red-headed Woodpecker 16 10 POSX
Red-bellied Woodpecker 75 85 PRBP
Downy Woodpecker 48 54 CONFL
Hairy Woodpecker 11 10 CONNY
Northern Flicker 31 22 POSX
Pileated Woodpecker 36 42 PRBP
Eastern Wood-Pewee 82 160 POSX
Acadian Flycatcher 66 63 POSX
Eastern Phoebe 41 (ON) 97 PRBA
Great Crested Flycatcher 70 82 CONFY
Eastern Kingbird 110 87 POSX
Loggerhead Shrike 15 1 POSX
White-eyed Vireo 66 111 POSX
Yellow-throated Vireo 40 54 POSX
Blue-headed Vireo 1 13 POSX
Red-eyed Vireo 244 517 CONFY
Blue Jay 128 128 CONFY
American Crow 266 297 CONFL
Horned Lark 3 -- --
Purple Martin 242 150 CONON
Tree Swallow -- 27 CONON
Northern Rough-winged Swallow 99 49 POSX
Cliff Swallow -- 24 CONON
Barn Swallow 427 322 CONON
Carolina Chickadee 110 127 CONFL
Tufted Titmouse 130 225 CONFL
White-breasted Nuthatch 14 87 CONFL
Carolina Wren 75 281 CONFY
House Wren -- 27 POSX
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher 99 185 CONCN
Eastern Bluebird 372 370 CONON
Wood Thrush 66 65 CONNY
American Robin 160 237 CONFY
Gray Catbird 24 7 POSX
Northern Mockingbird 112 272 CONFL
Brown Thrasher 75 94 CONON
European Starling 242 880 CONNY
Cedar Waxwing -- 62 POSX
Blue-winged Warbler -- 5 POSX
Golden-winged Warbler 4 -- --
Northern Parula 10 40 POSX
Yellow Warbler 5 -- --
Black-throated Green Warbler 5 20 POSX
Yellow-throated Warbler 36 63 CONFY
Pine Warbler 5 22 CONFY
Prairie Warbler 126 43 POSX
Cerulean Warbler 1 2 POSX
Black-and-white Warbler 49 35 CONFY
American Redstart -- 2 POSX
Prothonotary Warbler 2 2 POSX
Worm-eating Warbler 16 21 POSX
Swainson's Warbler 1 -- --
Ovenbird 36 57 POSX
Louisiana Waterthrush 13 8 POSX
Kentucky Warbler 49 36 POSX
Common Yellowthroat 137 206 POSX
Hooded Warbler 48 70 POSX
Yellow-breasted Chat 103 100 CONFY
Eastern Towhee 102 142 PRBP
Chipping Sparrow 77 230 CONFL
Field Sparrow 184 (ON) 269 POSX
Grasshopper Sparrow 7 34 CONFY
Henslow's Sparrow -- 16 PRBA
Song Sparrow 120 304 POSX
Summer Tanager 58 79 CONFL
Scarlet Tanager 25 54 PRBP
Northern Cardinal 134 414 CONFY
Blue Grosbeak 43 61 PRBP
Indigo Bunting 452 611 PRBP
Dickcissel 5 3 POSX
Red-winged Blackbird 285 429 CONNE
Eastern Meadowlark 408 403 CONFY
Common Grackle 370 233 CONFS
Brown-headed Cowbird 104 138 PRBP
Orchard Oriole 53 57 CONNB
Baltimore Oriole 1 -- --
House Finch -- 55 CONCN
American Goldfinch 129 161 PRBP
House Sparrow 187 223 CONON
Total Individuals 8001 11284
Total Hours of Effort 87.1 99
Total Migrant Species 2 4
Total Breeding Species 96 102
     Possible Breeding Species 42
     Probable Breeding Species 17
     Confirmed Breeding Species 43
Total Species Observed 98 106

* A male that did not appear capable of flight was observed in the Heritage Marsh 27 May 2007 (DLC, SJS).

** An adult Yellow-crowned Night-Heron was observed just a few hundred meters from White County in adjacent Burgess Falls State Natural Area, Putnam County, 25 May 2007 (CDW, JCF, NSL, MJH).

The sixteen participants in the 1982 White County Foray were Michael Lee Bierly (compiler), Claude W. Brown, Betty Reid and James Campbell, D. Kenton Dickerson, Kenneth H. and Lillian H. Dubke, Joseph C. Howell, William J. Jones, Jon A. (Tony) Koella, Cleo G. and George R. Mayfield, Mark H. Mayfield, F. Joe McLaughlin, Chuck Nicholson, and Richard W. Simmers, Jr.

The sixteen participants in the 2007 White County Foray were Sharon Brines, Wally Brines, Daniel L. Combs, Douglas A. Downs (co-compiler), Judy C. Fuson, Michael J. Hawkins, Tom Howe, Nancy S. Layzer, Joseph E. Mast, Laura J. McCall, Peter Moyer, Michael P. O'Rourke, Stephen J. Stedman (co-compiler), David J. Trently, Winston A. Walden, and Carol D. Williams.

White County Foray Links:

Literature Cited

 

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