Results of a Bird Inventory in the Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area, Kentucky and Tennessee, December 2003 through February 2004

 

Under contract with the National Park Service, Barbara (BHS) and Stephen Stedman (SJS) conducted a bird inventory of the Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area (BSFNRRA).  The inventory, focused on breeding and wintering species of this National Park Service (NPS) unit, covered the 2003 and 2004 breeding seasons, as well as the winters of 2003-2004 and 2004-2005.  The following species were given particular attention:

Short-eared Owl (winter)
Whip-poor-will (summer)
Red-headed Woodpecker (winter and summer)
Blue-winged Warbler (summer)
Golden-winged Warbler (summer)
Prairie Warbler (summer)
Cerulean Warbler (summer)
Swainson's Warbler (summer)
Louisiana Waterthrush (summer)
Kentucky Warbler (summer)

   If you have data about any bird species noted above or not noted in the table below for either the breeding or wintering season, even if from a year prior to 2003, please contact us at the following e-mail address with the particulars of the sighting, including as accurate a date as possible:

                sstedman@tntech.edu

    Data from the BSFNRRA were obtained during winter 2003-2004 on the following dates by SJS (or by SJS and BHS if designated by an asterisk): 1, 3, and 12 December 2003; 16 (*) and 23 January 2004; and 13, 21, and 29 February 2004.  Data were obtained from walking transects along trails, inspections of various fields, and general birding while in the park.  The total number of species detected in the park during the winter was 60, 59 being winter residents; of the 59 winter residents detected, 57 were detected as part of contracted inventory effort.

   Key to the sites surveyed:

        BMB--Burnt Mill Bridge Loop (4 miles), Scott, Tennessee

        TA--Twin Arches Loop (6.5 miles), Fentress, Pickett, and Scott, Tennessee

        YA--Yahoo Arch/Falls Loop (6.5 miles), McCreary, Kentucky

        SC/LF--Station Camp to Leatherwood Ford (8 miles), Scott, Tennessee

        HB/BC--Huling Branch/Bear Creek Loop (6 miles), McCreary, Kentucky

        HC--Honey Creek Loop (6.5 miles), Scott, Tennessee

        NBC--No Business Creek Loop (8 miles), Scott, Tennessee

        F1--Various fields (collective data) in December

        F2--Various fields (collective data) in January

        F3--Various fields (collective data) in February

A checklist of the birds of the BSFNRRA is available at this link:

 

Sites BMB TA YA SC/LF HB/BC HC NBC Total F1 F2 F3
Date 1 Dec 3 Dec 12 Dec 16 Jan 23 Jan 13 Feb 21 Feb
Start Time (EST) 0910 0929 1045 1052 1300 0957 0948
End Time (EST) 1142 1259 1547 1558 1700 1342 1512
Hours 2.5 3 a 4 5.1 4 3.75 5.4 27.75
Sky 0-2 2 0-1 1 0 0 1-2
Wind (Beaufort) 0 0 0 0-1 1-2 0-1 1-2
Temps (F) 30s 40s 30-40s 30-40s 30s 40s 40s
Wood Duck -- -- x -- -- -- 5 5
Ruffed Grouse -- -- -- x 1 1 2 4
Wild Turkey x -- -- 3 -- -- -- 3 x
Black Vulture -- -- -- -- 1 -- -- 1
Turkey Vulture -- 1 -- -- -- -- -- 1
Bald Eagle -- -- -- -- -- -- -- x e
Red-sh. Hawk -- -- -- x -- -- 2 2 x
Red-tailed Hawk -- -- 1 3 -- -- -- 4
[Sandhill Crane] -- b -- -- -- -- -- b
Killdeer -- -- -- -- -- x x x
Am. Woodcock -- -- -- -- -- -- x x
Rock Pigeon x -- -- -- -- -- -- x x
Mourning Dove x -- -- x -- -- x x x x
E. Screech-Owl -- -- -- -- x -- -- x
Great Horned Owl -- -- -- x -- -- -- x
Barred Owl -- -- 1 x -- x 1 2 x
N. Saw-whet Owl -- -- -- -- -- x x x
Belted Kingfisher -- -- -- 1 -- x 2 3
Red-bell. Woodp. 1 4 13 13 6 x 4 41 x x
Yellow-bell. Saps. -- 2 3 5 2 -- 2 14 x
Downy Woodp. 5 4 7 15 6 x 6 43 x x x
Hairy Woodp. 1 2 7 12 7 x 3 32 x x x
N. Flicker 2 2 9 5 -- -- 2 20 x x x
Pileated Woodp. 7 3 7 23 21 5 10 76 x x x
E. Phoebe -- 3 1 5 -- -- x 9 x x
Blue Jay 5 x 8 1 1 3 12 30 x x x
Am. Crow 6 3 6 8 3 1 1 28 x x x
Carolina Chickadee 27 9 10 15 14 19 23 117 x x x
Tufted Titmouse 14 12 11 20 7 13 13 90 x x x
Red-br. Nuthatch 2 x -- x -- -- -- 2 x
White-br. Nuthatch 7 2 13 3 7 2 4 38 x x x
Brown Creeper 6 3 2 2 3 2 5 23
Carolina Wren 15 6 15 14 5 9 13 77 x x x
Winter Wren 5 4 3 10 4 3 8 37 x
Golden-cr. Kinglet 39 10 18 22 31 7 13 140 x x
Ruby-cr. Kinglet x -- -- -- -- -- 2 2 x
E. Bluebird x 1 4 5 -- 1 x 11 x x x
Hermit Thrush 2 2 1 2 7 -- 5 19 x x
Am. Robin 1 1 2 40 2 -- x 46 x x x
Brown Thrasher x -- -- x -- -- 2 2 x x
Eur. Starling -- -- -- x -- -- -- x
Cedar Waxwing -- -- 2 x -- -- -- 2
Yellow-r. Warbler x x 1 28 -- x 18 47 x x
Pine Warbler -- -- -- x -- -- 1 1 x
Eastern Towhee x 1 2 6 8 1 7 25 x x x
Field Sparrow -- x -- 2 -- -- 2 4 x x x
Fox Sparrow 2 x x x 1 -- -- 3 x x x
Song Sparrow 2 1 x 6 -- x 7 16 x x x
Swamp Sparrow -- x -- x -- -- 3 3 x x
White-thr. Sparrow x 4 x 14 -- -- 30 48 x x x
Dark-eyed Junco 25 9 2 x 45 18 x 99 x x x
N. Cardinal 1 3 x 2 4 3 14 27 x x x
Red-w. Blackb. -- -- -- x -- -- -- x
Common Grackle c -- -- -- [1000] [1100] -- -- x
Br.-h. Cowbird -- -- -- x -- -- -- x
Purple Finch 2 x -- 4 -- -- 1 7 x x
House Finch -- -- -- x -- -- -- x x
Pine Siskin -- -- -- -- -- -- -- x f
Am. Goldfinch 2 2 7 6 2 1 4 24 x x
House Sparrow -- -- -- x -- -- -- x
Total Individuals 180 140 156 292 188 89 227 1272
Hours 2.5 3 4 5.1 4 3.75 5.4 27.75
Ind./Hr. 72.0 46.7 39 57.3 47 23.7 42.2 45.8 d
Winter Resident Species Registered on Transect 23 29 26 31 24 16 33 44 34 25 28
Winter Resident Species Noted Same Day Elsewhere in Park 9 7 5 17 1 9 8 13 -- -- --
Total Winter Residents 32 36 31 48 25 25 41 59 34 25 28

x = not observed on transect  but noted same day in BSFNRRA; or observed during surveys of fields.

[  ] = not a winter resident of the park

a 0.5 hours not included when surveying the field at Charit Creek Hostel

b heard only; not counted in total of winter residents.

c grackle numbers not included in Total Individuals or Ind./Hr.

d compare this result with results from same transects conducted during springs of 1994 (78.4), 1995 (87.4), 1996 (80.2), 1998 (86.1), and 2000 (86.1) and during falls of 1995 (37.6), 1997 (39.1), 2000 (38.2), and 2001 (36.2) [Stedman and Stedman 2002].

e An adult Bald Eagle was reported at the confluence of North White Oak Creek and the Big South Fork, Scott Co., Tennessee, 4 January 2004 (Michael Brown).

f A Pine Siskin was reported near Bear Creek, McCreary Co., Kentucky, 31 January 2004 (Roseanna M. Denton)

Literature Cited

Stedman, S. J., and B. H. Stedman. 2002. Notes on the Birds of the Big South Fork National River and
        Recreation Area and Obed National Wild and Scenic River
. Privately printed, Cookeville, Tennessee,
        146 + viii pp.